Ferrari Gran Turismo 1948-1959

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1948: Ferrari 166 Inter

This was Ferrari’s first 12-cylinder engine to reach 2-litre capacity. As in the case of the 159 S, bore sizes and strokes were both increased, and as usual both open-wheel and full bodywork models were produced.



ENGINE
V12

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT
1995.02 cc

MAXIMUM POWER
66 kW @ 5,600 RPM

TOP SPEED
150 km/h

1950: Ferrari 195 Inter

This was a touring-type version of the 195 S, with a more powerful yet more flexible engine which made driving easier for clients unused to extreme performance.



Touring, Ghia and Ghia Aigle (the first foreign coachworks to take an active interest in a Ferrari) created a number of different versions, some of which proved to be quite successful in GT racing.

The most popular versions of this model, however, were those by Vignale, who produced some stunning personalised coupés for the most exclusive clientele.

ENGINE
V12

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT
2341.02 cc

MAXIMUM POWER
96 kW @ 6000 RPM

TOP SPEED
180 km/h

1951: Ferrari 212 Inter

The Gioacchino Colombo V12 was bored out to provide a bigger displacement. The chassis was inspired by that of the 166 MM, with modifications aimed at transmitting the higher power output to the road.



The later versions saw the introduction of a tubular chassis known as the ‘Tuboscocca’, which increased structural rigidity.

ENGINE
V12

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT
2562.51 cc

MAXIMUM POWER
110 kW @ 6500 RPM

TOP SPEED
200 km/h

1951: Ferrari 342 America

Interest in Ferraris was growing among potential clients, but some were wary of the competition levels of performance provided by engines which reached the market with very little in the way of detuning.



To meet the needs of this type of Client, Ferrari introduced the 342 America, a more accommodating four-seater featuring a more flexible engine, a new synchronised 4-speed gearbox and more user-friendly handling.

ENGINE
V12

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT
4101.66 cc

MAXIMUM POWER
147 kW @ 5000 RPM

TOP SPEED
186 km/h

1953: Ferrari 250 Europa

The 250 Europa took over from the 212 Inter, and for economies of scale, shared the same chassis as the 375 America. The Lampredi V12 was kept below 3 litres.



ENGINE
V12

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT
2963.45 cc

MAXIMUM POWER
147 kw @ 6300 RPM

TOP SPEED
218 km/h

1953: Ferrari 375 America

Heir to the 342 America, this model was aimed at the same segment of the market. The Colombo-designed V12 was dropped in favour of the Aurelio Lampredi version that featured cylinder heads with twin inlet tracts.



ENGINE
V12

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT
4522.08 cc

MAXIMUM POWER
221 kW @ 6300 RPM

TOP SPEED
250 km/h

1954: Ferrari 250 GT Coupé

Presented at the Paris Motor Show in 1954, the 250 GT Coupé represented Ferrari’s first attempt at standardising a model destined for the normal motorist.



Developed from the 250 Europa, it was fitted with a version of the Colombo Type 125 engine fed by three classic Weber 36 DCZ carburettors.

ENGINE
V12

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT
2953.21 cc

MAXIMUM POWER
162 kW @ 7000 RPM

TOP SPEED
230 km/h

1956: Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta

This was the first model in the legendary berlinetta series.
These cars were not only perfect for driving to the track, but also for racing (and winning!) on it.



ENGINE
V12

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT
2953.21 cc

MAXIMUM POWER
176 kW @ 7000 RPM

TOP SPEED
252 km/h

1956: Ferrari 410 Superamerica

The engine that was to equip the 410 Superamerica was presented on the chassis of the 375 America at the Paris Motor Show in October 1955. The car itself was unveiled to the public later, at the 1956 Brussels Motor Show.



The elegant bodywork with its impressive dimensions was the work of Pinin Farina. It is a curious fact that this model, which was destined for series production, actually gave rise to a number of competition versions, reverting to Ferrari’s customary practice.

ENGINE
V12

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT
4962.96 cc

MAXIMUM POWER
250 kW @ 6000 RPM

TOP SPEED
262 km/h


1957: Ferrari 250 GT Cabriolet

Pininfarina presented this two-seater spider at the Geneva Motor Show in 1957, a year after a similar proposal by Boano debuted at the same venue. With its classic lines, the Pininfarina interpretation proved to be an instant hit with the more refined clientele.



ENGINE
V12

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT
2953.21 cc

MAXIMUM POWER
176 kW @ 7000 RPM

TOP SPEED
252 km/h

1957: Ferrari 250 California

Thanks to Ferrari’s reputation in motor sports, and the work of importer Luigi Chinetti, the United States became an important market.



John Von Neumann, the west coast representative, thought that there was potential for an open Spider suited to the Californian sun, a sort of open 250 GT Berlinetta.

ENGINE
V12

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT
2953.21 cc

MAXIMUM POWER
176 kW @ 7000 RPM

TOP SPEED
252 km/h

1959: Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta Passo Corto

Presented in Paris in October 1959, the short-wheelbase 250 GT Berlinetta epitomised the ideal road racer. With just a few minor touches (colder spark plugs, racing tyres and a roll-bar), the car could take to any circuit and battle it out for a class win.



ENGINE
V12

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT
2953.21 cc

MAXIMUM POWER
206 kW @ 7000 RPM

TOP SPEED
268 km/h

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